When Josh Gibson and Buck Leonard entered the Corridor of Fame


“Get up, dad,” mentioned Josh Gibson Jr., “you simply obtained right here.”

With these phrases in Cooperstown, NY half a century in the past on Sunday, younger Gibson accepted the plaque that welcomed his late father, Josh Gibson, to the Nationwide Baseball Corridor of Fame, together with fellow Negro League star Buck Leonard.

The 2 males, who performed for the Homestead Grays and have been generally known as ‘Black Babe Ruth’ and ‘Black Lou Gehrig’, by no means had an opportunity within the main leagues. However in August 1972, they turned the primary solely Negro League gamers inducted into Cooperstown.

Gibson, the Negro League’s biggest hitter of all time, died of a stroke at age 35 in January 1947, simply three months earlier than Jackie Robinson broke baseball’s shade barrier. Leonard, who turned 40 that season, retired a 12 months later.

“We within the black leagues thought we may and will have been within the majors, however it wasn’t meant to be,” Leonard mentioned in his acceptance speech on that cloudy summer season day he 50 years in the past, a month earlier than his sixty fifth birthday. “…We felt we have been bringing one thing to baseball as effectively. We performed with a spherical ball and spherical bats, and we favored that and favored to play – as a result of there wasn’t some huge cash in it. My starter is one thing I by no means thought would occur.

Gibson, a catcher, and Leonard, a primary baseman, propelled a Grays “Murderers’ Row” staff, which dominated the Negro Nationwide League within the Nineteen Thirties and Forties. The Grays break up their time between DC and Pittsburgh , usually outscoring the Washington Senators at their dwelling ballpark, Griffith Stadium.

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The duo have been inducted together with six different gamers, together with Dodgers pitcher Sandy Koufax and Yankees catcher Yogi Berra.

“They may hardly have been extra consultant of Melting Pot USA,” Sporting Information wrote on the time, describing the 5 residing inductees. “Humbled and grateful, they stood in entrance of a microphone in a typical American small city. … A Jew from New York, an Italian from Missouri, a Scots-Irish-Indian from Alabama, a Spaniard from California, and a black from North Carolina.

Gibson and Leonard have been solely the fourth and fifth black gamers to enter the Corridor of Fame, following Robinson (1962), Brooklyn Dodgers teammate Roy Campanella (1969) and Satchel Paige, who in 1971 became the first player inducted by the Black League Veterans Committee. (All three had performed within the Negro Leagues, however Paige was the one one of many three to have performed there most of her profession.)

Some information reviews that day characterised Gibson and Leonard as, at finest, supporting actors. In his account of induction, the New York Times reported“In a superbly acceptable mixture of sentiment, humor and brevity, Yogi Berra, Sandy Koufax, Lefty Gomez and 5 much less glamorous personalities have been inducted into the Baseball Corridor of Fame immediately.”

Fifty years later, it will be arduous for any baseball historian to contemplate Gibson and Leonard “much less glamorous” than the opposite Corridor of Famers. In accordance baseballreference.com, Gibson completed with a profession batting common of .374, a slugging share of .720 and an off-chart OPS of 1.178. Leonardo had a profession batting common of .345 and an OPS of 1.042.

“Josh was the perfect hitter I ever pitched to, and I pitched to all people,” Paige said in 1972, in line with the Instances. “There have been nice hitters – Williams, DiMaggio, Musial, Mays, Mantle. However none of them have been nearly as good as Josh.

Campanella, a star receiver who performed eight seasons within the Negro leagues earlier than becoming a member of the Dodgers in 1948, told the Sporting News“Each time I performed on a black league all-star staff with Josh, he was the catcher. I performed third base. Something I may do, Josh may do higher.

“Too dangerous this Gibson is a person of shade”

Gibson and Leonard, in fact, did not come out of nowhere. Throughout spring coaching in 1939, former Washington Senators star Walter Johnson, one of many biggest pitchers in baseball historical past, watched Gibson play in a recreation in Orlando after which raved about Washington Put up sports activities columnist Shirley Povich, who quoted him:

“There is a receiver that any membership within the massive league would love to purchase for $200,000. I’ve heard of him earlier than. His title is Gibson. They name him ‘Hoot’ Gibson, and he can do something. He hits that ball a mile. And he catches so simply he would possibly as effectively be in a rocking chair. Throws like a gun. [Yankees star] Invoice Dickey shouldn’t be such receiver. Too dangerous this Gibson is a person of shade.

Povich added, “That was the overall impression among the many Nats who noticed the sport.”

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Senators proprietor Clark Griffith got here to the identical conclusion just a few years later, although he lowered the worth a bit. “There is a receiver on the market who’s value $150,000 of anybody’s cash proper now. If I may have had him, I’d have sued him some time in the past! he gushed to the Put up in 1942. Griffith recalled seeing Gibson hit 4 homers in a doubleheader the earlier 12 months, one in all which was the longest dwelling run ever at Griffith Stadium.

And but Griffith resisted strain from black journalists akin to Sam Lacy to signal Gibson and different black gamers – and immediately enhance his mediocre staff. Leonard recalled that sooner or later round 1942, Griffith requested to satisfy him and Gibson, in line with a 1988 Post History by John B. Holloway, tailored from his e-book “Blackball Stars: Pioneers of the Black League.”

At that assembly, Leonard recalled, Griffith talked about the black sportswriters’ marketing campaign to get them on the Senators roster and mentioned, “Effectively, let me let you know one thing: If we get you boys, we we can have the perfect. It’s going to break your league. Now what do you suppose?

Leonard mentioned they responded that they’d be blissful to play within the main leagues, however would go away it as much as others to make their case. In keeping with Holway, the duo by no means heard from Griffith once more.

Two years in the past, the Baseball Writers’ Affiliation of the America vote to take away former commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis’ title from the MVP plaques. There have been no black gamers within the main leagues throughout his lengthy tenure as the primary athletic commissioner, from 1920 to 1944. Right this moment, the Josh Gibson Basis has a country to rename the MVP for Gibson.

“Everyone knows that Kenesaw Mountain Landis has denied over 3,400 males the chance to play within the main leagues,” group government director Sean Gibson, great-grandson of Josh Gibson, mentioned throughout a current phone interview. “So having Josh Gibson’s title on the MVP Award wouldn’t solely characterize Josh Gibson, however it will characterize the three,400 males who have been denied the chance to play within the majors. That is extra vital than Josh Gibson. Josh carries these guys on his shoulders.

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He added that it will be “poetic justice” for a participant disadvantaged of the chance to play within the main leagues to switch a commissioner who had been an impediment.

Sean Gibson mentioned his grandfather, who accepted the Corridor of Fame plaque for Josh Gibson, at all times credited Boston Crimson Sox star Ted Williams for opening the door for gamers akin to Gibson to do the Corridor. In his 1966 Hall of Fame induction speechWilliams mentioned: “I hope sooner or later the names of Satchel Paige and Josh Gibson can one way or the other be added as a logo of the good black gamers who aren’t right here simply because they do not. did not have an opportunity.”

“5 years later, Satch enters 1971,” Gibson famous. “The subsequent 12 months, 1972, it was Josh. My grandfather at all times gave credit score to Ted Williams as a result of he thinks that if Ted Williams does not point out Josh Gibson and Satchel Paige in his speech, he does not know if it occurs that quick.

Gibson mentioned he thought Williams’ background – his mom was Mexican – helped him really feel compassion for Negro League gamers. One other issue was that Williams was seeing black gamers in barnstorming video games in opposition to the Negro Leaguers.

“So he knew the expertise,” Gibson mentioned. “He knew how nice these guys have been on the diamond.”

“Ted spoke up; nobody else spoke,” he added. “So we’re very grateful for that. His speech lasted solely three minutes. And for him to incorporate this little piece of the pie, from Josh and Satch, was big for us.

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